Lebanon: The world’s oldest winery is used by the people of the Phoenician civilization to produce wine and sell it throughout the Mediterranean.
Restoration of wine production at the factory. Photo: National Geographic.
Excavations at Tell el-Burak, about 8 km from the coastal city of Sidon in Lebanon, reveal the well-preserved remains of a winery from the 7th century BC. This is the oldest winery ever found in the homeland of the ancient Phoenician civilization.
The large number of seeds showed that the grapes were brought to the factory from nearby gardens and foot pressed in a large tub that could hold more than 4,500 liters of juice. The juice flows into large tanks and is stored in double-handle ceramic jars for fermentation and transportation to another place.