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While the largest forest remnants had the greatest species richness regardless of assemblage, small- ( Also, the brand new species records are verifying all of our activities, eg, Juliomys pictipes, a particularly uncommon Atlantic Forest kinds, was initially recorded when you look at the Paraguay 2009 and information are being added The Atlantic Tree for the South america try a great biodiversity hotspot , but a lot of it’s been deforested, as well as inside Paraguay lately [17,90]. Each of one’s three assemblages regarding nonvolant short mammals (entire, local species forest, and you may forest-specialist), the largest tree remnants were forecast to get the better species richness, sure-enough. While the forest-expert assemblage had a max kinds fullness of five with the Paraguayan tree traces, and only eight forest marks had which restriction level of 5 variety, new forested city that made-up such eight marks totaled % of the whole Atlantic Tree from inside the Paraguay. 15,100 ha) traces however managed 5–ten variety when looking at the complete and you will indigenous species forest assemblages. These types of findings focus on the significance of smaller than average medium remnants to possess quick mammal conservation. In the Paraguay, it is hard to really make the circumstances that there are general Atlantic Forest types by itself, this is why i utilized the label forest expert. That said, it is important to keep in mind that at the very least 29 the fresh new species information were documented getting Paraguay because the 2002, plus the taxonomy getting animals remains extremely unclear, even for megafauna . More recently Atlantic Tree endemics Delomys dorsalis and you may Abrawayaomys ruchii provides been already receive in the country [93, 94, 95]. It’s very likely that new types could well be found in such larger tree marks having continued profession expeditions and enhanced taxonomic and you will stuff training . Consequently, 30-m solution satellite photos, the basis of your forest defense study out-of and the cornerstone for some training away from deforestation , will get overestimate contacts throughout the landscaping The two largest forest “remnants” in Paraguay were expanses of patchwork forest surrounded by a non-forest matrix, but in reality, these larger forest remnants likely consist of multiple remnants that are separated by short (

Discovered rare slave ship wrecks

Mexican archaeologists first found a shipwreck that was used to carry Maya slaves off the Yucatan peninsula.

The wreck of La Unión on the bottom of the Mexican sea. Photo: INAH.

The steamboat and paddle was discovered on the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico about two nautical miles from the town of Sisal in Yucatán in 2017, but it took three years of research for archaeologists to identify it as a child. the slave ship “La Unión”.

According to a press release this week by the Mexican National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), the ship sank on September 19, 1861 while carrying the Mayans for sale to Cuba, demonstrating slavery. rates continued in Mexico despite the abolition in 1829.

La Unión was used as an illegal means of transporting slaves between 1855 and 1861, when the Mayans were forced to work unpaid on sugarcane fields for planters, leading to a rebellion known as “Class War”.

“The ship carries 25-30 slaves every month to Cuba. Each slave is sold for 25 pesos (1.18 USD) to traders, then sold to the planters in Havana province at a price. much higher, about 160 pesos for men and 120 pesos for women, “said archaeologist Helena Barba Meinecke from INAH.

The archeological team dived to the bottom of the sea to explore the remains of the ship. Photo: INAH.

Experts determined that La Unión’s sinking was due to its boiler exploding and the ship caught fire. The accident left half of the 80 crew members and 60 passengers dead. However, it is not clear how many Mayans were killed because at the time they were listed as cargo, not passengers.

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