Children who survive the death of the Islamic State (IS) are killed and their families must protect themselves from long-term injuries and health complications.
According to a recent report, nearly 2,000 Yazidi children living in the Kurdish area were completely ‘abandoned’.
Many people suffer from anger, flashbacks, or nightmares. They also often experience persistent health problems.
“These children have suffered a terrible life under IS, and now they are left behind,” said Matt Wells, deputy director of crisis response at Amnesty International.
“Their physical and mental health should be a top priority in the coming years if they want to fully reintegrate with their families and the community.”
400,000 of the Yazidi ethnic group have been targeted by IS since August 2014 in the heart of the Sinjar mountain range, which holds thousands of prisoners and turns them into slaves.
The report quoted doctors as saying that most of the girls they treated between the ages of 9 and 17 were victims of sexual violence and now face infections. , irregular menstruation, difficulties in pregnancy and childbirth.
Some surviving women share with Amnesty that the children are the result of sexual abuse boycotted by society. Many of them have abandoned their children and have not been allowed to contact since then.
Many of the boys were disabled after being forced to fight for IS and did not receive any support from home, the report also said.
The United Nations refugee envoy, Angelina Jolie, cited Amnesty’s research at the UN Security Council in early July, when she called for more support for children. Yazidi.
“If we cannot keep our promise to the surviving Yazidi children – a relatively small group of people – how many children and young people suffer in silence around the globe?”, Activist stated.
Families of victims face many difficulties with daily expenses, especially when many people have to spend large sums of money on IS detainees to redeem relatives.
Susan Nawaf, a community activist of the Mines Advisory charity group, which helps mine clearance from central Yazidi on Mount Sinjar, shared that many impoverished Yazidi refugees were forced to return there despite the dangers. .
“After six years of leaving the Sinjar to the Kurdish camps, they have now begun to return home, but many of them cannot because their houses have been destroyed,” she said.
Nawaf said the area was still littered with unexploded mines and unexploded bombs. Many houses have been trapped and conditions here have been made worse by the pandemic. These limits their ability to work and also disrupt humanitarian aid.
“There was no electricity or water, many houses exploded. So they had to live on someone else’s house or in a tent. They were dependent on farming, but now the agricultural area has been broken down.” pollution [due to explosives] “, Nawaf added.