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Question A major disadvantage of the payback period method that it a. When this type of budget accounting is used for a project, it puts a lot of weight on the cash flow in the short-term.

While it is not going to account for every available variable, it is a very easy way to do a basic comparison. This is among the major disadvantages of the payback period that it ignores the time value of money which is a very important business concept. As per the concept of the time value of money, the money received sooner is worth more than the one coming later because of its potential to earn an additional return if it is reinvested. The PBP method doesn’t consider such a thing, thus distorting the true value of the cash flows.

But in the case of unequal cash inflows the PB period can be found out by adding up the cash inflows until the total is equal to initial cash outlay. This is the simplest and easiest way to understand but it does not give us the real picture as it does not consider ther time value of money or the cash flows occurring after PB period.

## Payback Period Advantages And Disadvantages

A brief payback period also curtails the risk of losses caused due to changes within the economic situation. The term is also widely used in other types of investment areas, often with respect to energy efficiency technologies, maintenance, upgrades, or other changes. For example, a compact fluorescent light bulb may be described as having a payback period of a certain number of years or operating hours, assuming certain costs. Here, the return to the investment consists of reduced operating costs. Although primarily a financial term, the concept of a payback period is occasionally extended to other uses, such as energy payback period . Using our example above, the precise discounted payback period would equal 2 + $2,148.76/$2,253.94 or 2.95 years. In the example, the investment recovers its outlays in a little under three years.

The payback method is very useful in the industries that are uncertain or witness rapid technological changes. Such uncertainty makes it difficult to project the future annual cash inflows. Thus, using and undertaking projects with short PBP helps in reducing the chances of a loss through obsolescence. The payback period can be a valuable tool for analysis when used properly to determine whether a business should undertake a particular investment. However, this method does not take into account several key factors including the time value of money, any risk involved with the investment or financing. For this reason, it is suggested that corporations use this method in conjunction with others to help make sound decisions about their investments. The payback period method of evaluating investments has a number of flaws and is inferior to other methods.

A slightly more sophisticated financial analysis can be undertaken in an academic setting, as it commonly is in professional practice. This method doesn’t consider the fact that a dollar today is way more valuable than a dollar promised in the future.

## Ignores Time Value Of Money

Therefore, interest expense and dividend payments should be deducted from those cash flows which are used in the NPV rule of capital budgeting. The payback method simply projects incoming cash flows from a given project and identifies the break even point between profit and paying back invested money for a given process.

Ignores Time Value of Money The method ignores the time value of money. It is incorrect because there are other options which include disadvantages of payback period. The vast majority of larger businesses prefer to prepare their cash flow statements using the indirect method. This is because, as we’ll see in this lesson, much of the information required is already prepared for them. Ever wish there was an easy way to quickly calculate if a business endeavor was worth your time and resources? The profitability index method gives you just such a way to quickly check the nature of a project. In this lesson we will review how the average accounting return can be used to evaluate business investment options and identify some of its weaknesses as an evaluation tool.

## Discounted Payback

It is always better to use a variety of methods to make important decisions. Depending on the type of business being run, there could be countless opportunities for investments and different projects.

The internal rate of return is a metric used in capital budgeting to estimate the return of potential investments. The payback period a major disadvantage of the payback period method is that it refers to the amount of time it takes to recover the cost of an investment or how long it takes for an investor to hit breakeven.

- It is widely used when liquidity is an important criteria to choose a project.
- This is a vital factor in the appraisal of a investment proposal.
- Understanding and accounting for the time value of money is an important aspect of strategic thinking.
- You must be able to show profitability on a project, and the payback period method does not consider this important metric.
- Hence, the limitation of using the payback period for ranking potential investments.

He graduated from Georgia Tech with a Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering and received an MBA from Columbia University. The expansion will produce an annual increase in cash flow of $50,000/year (1,250 pairs x $40/pair) from the expansion. At this rate, the company will realize a total of $150,000 cash flow for the first three years of the expansion. Estimating is a vital part of project planning, especially for determining project time and cost. There are a number of estimating techniques, including bottom-up estimating. Learn about bottom-up estimating and its advantages and disadvantages. It is incorrect because payback period is not a useless risk indicator.

## The Project 2 A Major Disadvantage Of The Payback

In the aforesaid examples, the various projects generated even cash inflows. In such a scenario, payback period calculations are still simple! You just need to first find out the cumulative cash inflow and then apply the following formula to find the payback period.

## What Is A Weakness Of The Payback Method?

B. The NPV method assumes that cash flows will be reinvested at the risk free rate while the IRR method assumes reinvestment at the IRR. C. The NPV method assumes that cash flows will be reinvested at the cost of capital while the IRR method assumes reinvestment at the risk-free rate. The IRR method does not consider all relevant cash flows, and particularly cash flows beyond the payback period.

Some businesses modified this method by adding the time value of money to get the discounted payback period. They discount Online Accounting the cash inflows of the project by a chosen discount rate , and then follow usual steps of calculating the payback period.

## Planning For Capital Investments Internal Rate Or Return

Ranking projects then becomes a matter of selecting those projects with the shortest payback period. Using the discounted cash flow analysis equation, it’s relatively simple to account for the time value of money when applied to payback periods.

When there is not much else to differentiate multiple projects, a manager is going to need all the information and help he/she can get to make a decision. The most significant advantage of the payback method is its simplicity. It’s an easy way to compare several projects and then to take the project that has the shortest payback time. However, the payback has several practical and theoretical drawbacks. The payback method of evaluating capital expenditure projects is very popular because it’s easy to calculate and understand. It has severe limitations, however, and ignores many important factors that should be considered when evaluating the economic feasibility of projects. Financial management involves determining which long-term investments are right for a company.

However, the amounts of the net incremental cash inflows are expected to decline beginning in Year 4 and are expected to end in Year 7.Project #188 has a payback period of 6 years. However, the amounts of its net incremental cash inflows are positive and are expected to grow exponentially from Year 4 through Year 15. Capital rationing is the act of placing restrictions on the amount of new investments or projects undertaken by a company. This is accomplished by imposing a higher cost of capital for investment consideration or by setting a ceiling on specific portions of a budget. Divide the annual net profit by the initial cost of the asset, or investment. Multiply the result by 100 to show the percentage return as a whole number. The shortest payback period is generally considered to be the most acceptable.

## Accountingtools

Such business decisions are very crucial as resources are limited. Thus, managers need to choose the best project that could maximize their return on the investment. One capital management or capital budgeting method that managers often refer to when facing such dilemmas is the Payback Method.

The difference between cash inflow and cash outflow for any single period is called net cash flow. Payback https://online-accounting.net/ also ignores the cash flows beyond the payback period, thereby ignoring the profitability of the project.